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Amid (Diyarbakir)

Diar – country and bakr – Arab, race name, the direct name is Amid, Amit, city in the 4th province of Greater Armenia. It is situated on the right coast of Western Tigris. The date of the establishment of Diarbekir is unknown. It is mentioned in Akadian arrow-headed protocols in 2nd millennium B.C. with the name of Amedi.
In 9th century B.C. it is mentioned as a center of Bia-Zaman domination. In 9-8th century B.C. under the kingdom of Urartu it took part in the anti-Assorian struggle. In 330 B.C. King Tinglapalasar the 3rd  occupied Diarbekir. After the decay of the Assorian Kingdom it was left to Armenia. In 332 Kostandinos the Great rebuilt the fortresses of the city and made it a Roman military.
Still in remote  past Dairbekir was the center of Armenian culture. There were 7 Armenian colleges in Diarbekir, 2 of which belonged to the church.  The others belonged to - Hayrenasirac, Mesropyan, Patanyac and Hamazgayin organizations respectively.
At the end of 19th century there were 10000 armenians in Diarbekir.

The Fortress of Dirabeqir

The fortifications of Diarbekir were built of huge stones which are agglutinated without any crude iron. The enclosure which has 8km length, 10m height and 5m width starts from an old fortress and goes till the 10 vault bridge of  the  river Tigris. The enclosure was 72 high and had a semi round tower (they symbolize the 72 pupils of Jesus), 12 of which were higher and thicker (they are the symbols of 12 Apostles).


  • The Fortress of Dirabeqir
  • The Fortress of Dirabeqir
  • The Fortress of Dirabeqir
Photogallery
  • Diarbekir
  • Diarbekir
  • Diarbekir
  • Diarbekir
  • Diarbekir
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Tour to Western Armenia
Tour to Western Armenia
Tour to Western Armenia
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